Our colleague, Dr Stephan Hofmann addresses this question in Issue 1 (2019) of the Journal for Mobility and Transport of DVWG - German Transport Science Society (see page 29, available in German only). You may also have a look into his complete thesis (in English) dealing with the same topic in more detail.
The majority of southern African countries are well below their supply chain potential. At the same time, the general population's economic development is low in many countries.
Objective & Approach
The project's objective was to identify bottlenecks in supply chain performance and to evaluate measures to increase supply chain performance and economic development in selected Southern African countries. Apart from economic and political factors, Stephan's approach also considers cultural, technical and organisational issues. Learn more.